Hungary says it will take at least a year and cost millions of dollars to clean up the damage caused by a spill of industrial toxic red sludge. Emergency workers are trying to stop the substance flowing into major waterways.
A state of emergency has been declared in three western counties after the chemical waste burst from a reservoir, killing 4 and injuring 120 others. Authorities have called the toxic spill an “ecological disaster”.
State Secretary for the Environment Zoltan Illes announced that all production by the Hungarian Aluminum Production and Trading Company (MAL), owner of the reservoir, had been halted.
Defense Committee Chair Jeno Lasztovicza reported that about half a million gallons of the toxic mud still in the damaged containment reservoir was being transferred to a safer place to relieve pressure on the reservoir and prevent any additional breakthroughs.
He also advised residents to refrain from eating any crops that came into contact with the mud. Crops in a 40-square-kilometer area are believed to be at risk.
Police are investigating the disaster, while MAL has denied responsibility. Illes, speaking in the village of Kolontar, a disaster site, suggested that an overloaded containment reservoir may have contributed to the ecological disaster.
MAL managers Zoltan Bakonyi and Lajos Tolnay claimed that the red mud is not a hazardous material, and that actual damage is far less than reported.
Lasztovicza, on the other hand, has said that the soil will have to be removed as will the plaster on the outside of residents ‘ homes unless the red mud can be thoroughly washed off.
Firefighters and armed forces units, working with water management experts, are spreading calcium nitrates and magnesium nitrates through the Marcal River in an effort to neutralize the highly corrosive mud and prevent the contaminants from reaching the Danube.