European Union, right-wing parties and left-wing parties

European Union, parties.

What is the difference between right-wing parties and left-wing parties of the European Union? Right-wing and left-wing parties in the European Union (EU) differ in their ideologies, policy priorities, and approaches to governance.

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While it is important to note that political ideologies can vary across different countries and contexts, I will provide a general overview of the key differences between these two political orientations within the EU.

European Union, economic Policies.

Right-wing parties generally advocate for free-market capitalism, limited government intervention, and lower taxes. They prioritize economic growth, deregulation, and business-friendly policies.

Left-wing parties often support a mixed economy with varying degrees of government intervention. They prioritize social justice, income redistribution, workers’ rights, and may advocate for higher taxes on the wealthy and corporations.

European Union

European Union, social policies.

Right-wing parties tend to emphasize conservative values and traditions. They may support traditional family structures, national identity, law and order, and stricter immigration policies.

Left-wing parties often prioritize social progressivism, inclusivity, and individual freedoms. They may support social equality, multiculturalism, LGBT+ rights, gender equality, and more liberal immigration policies.

Welfare State.

Left-wing parties generally advocate for a strong welfare state with robust social security systems, healthcare, education, and public services. They often believe in government responsibility to ensure social well-being.

Right-wing parties may support a more limited welfare state, emphasizing personal responsibility, individual freedoms, and private sector involvement in service provision.

European Integration.

Right-wing parties may have varying positions on European integration, ranging from strong advocates for sovereignty and national interests to more moderate positions supporting cooperation within the EU while safeguarding national autonomy.

Left-wing parties generally tend to support European integration and a closer union, emphasizing solidarity, cooperation, and shared decision-making.

International Relations.

Right-wing parties may prioritize national interests, national security, and assertive foreign policies.
Left-wing parties often emphasize multilateralism, diplomacy, human rights, and cooperation in international relations.

It is important to recognize that these are general distinctions, and specific parties within each political orientation may have nuanced positions and priorities that may differ from the broader trends.

Political landscapes can also evolve over time, and parties may adapt their stances based on changing circumstances and public opinion.

European Union, at the beginning of July 2023?

Across Europe, governments are shifting right. In some places, far-right leaders are taking power. In others, more traditional center-right parties are allying with the right-wing fringes once considered untouchable.

Elsewhere, hard-right parties are securing more parliament seats and regional offices. The Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, already under surveillance for suspected far-right extremism.

Now outpolls Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s Social Democrats and just scored a watershed district election win — an alarming moment for a country conscious of its Nazi past.

The trend, of course, didn’t exactly begin with Italy and far-right Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni. But the last year has featured a series of eye-catching results for conservatives. And more could be on the way, as places like Spain and Slovakia seem poised to turn right in upcoming elections.

It’s a development that will inevitably reshape Europe, affecting everything from how climate change is handled, to parental rights, to who is welcomed into the Continent.


Both the traditional right and the far right have made recent gains across the European Union. Map of European countries where center-right or far-right parties — on their own or forming a coalition — are in government as of June 2023.

European Union

With the EU set to elect a new European Parliament next year, the rightward drift could also produce a more conservative Brussels for years to come.

Period that will feature critical decisions on things like expanding the EU eastward, trading with China and policing the rule of law in EU countries.

Not all countries are following the trend — centrist governments in Ireland and Lithuania, for example, are facing electoral challenges from the left.

Germany, the EU’s most populous country, is still led by a social democrat. But even there, Olaf Scholz’s grip on power is wobbly, and the rival Christian Democrats and far-right AfD are surging in the polls.

That said, any leftward breeze can’t compare — for the moment — to the jet stream headed the other way.

All The Best!


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